Alpha is the third largest coal producer in the U.S. Crutchfield previously served as president of both Coastal Coal Company and AMVEST Corporation, as well as vice president of El Paso Corporation.
In 2011, Alpha Natural Resources bought Massey Energy (owners of the second largest amount of coal reserves in the world -- 5.1 billion tons) for $7.1 billion. The merger puts Crutchfield in charge of the largest mountaintop coal mining company in the U.S., responsible for 25 percent of all mountaintop coa
Crutchfield claims that Pesident Obama is waging a war on coal and that there is no consensus in the scientific community about global warming.
He attended a secretive retreat in Aspen in June, 2010, sponsored by the Koch bothers.
the third largest US coal mining company, recently offered its top executives $2 million retention bonuses – even though the company’s stock has lost 92% of its value over the last three years.
In March, 2014, Alpha agreed to pay $27.5 million for violating water pollution standards 6,289 times over seven years at operations in KY, PA, TN, VA and WV. It also agreed to spend $200 million to install wastewater treatment systems and take other measures to reduce discharges from 79 active mines and 25 coal-processing plants, according to the AP. EPA enforcement chief Cynthia Giles told the AP that the settlement was “the biggest case for permit violations for numbers of violations and size of the penalty, which reflects the seriousness of violations.”
Despite the record penalty and a recent drop in the company's stock, Crutchfield received a $2 million retention bonus from the company because of "particularly difficult market and regulatory conditions which could affect the company and the coal industry generally." Crutchfield was paid over $6 million in 2012 and $6.7 million in 2011, a period during which the company's stock price lost more than 90% of its value.
In 2012, Alpha opened a new $30 million LEED-certified headquarters in Bristol, VA. The building features "state-of-the-art energy-efficient lighting systems and windows, eco-friendly rooftops with garden areas, and incorporates a high content of recycled materials. "Today's ribbon cutting is simply the start of many more great things to come," Crutchfield said. "We're scanning the world for our next set of opportunities. We think, in the next 20 years, the world is going to demand at least an additional 2 billion tons of coal annually -- roughly equivalent to doubling the size of America's coal business."
In 2010, almost 60% of Alpha's coal production came from two huge surface mines in the Powder River Basin of Wyoming: the Belle Ayr Mine and the Eagle Butte Mine.
Alpha (48th) and Massey (47th) are two of the top greenhouse gas polluters of all time.
Alpha spent $2.6 million in 2012 to lobby against legislation to limit global warming.
Massey is the notorious company the owned the Upper Big Branch Mine in Montcoal (WV), where 29 miners died in an explosion in April, 2010.