Stephen Chazen

CEO, Occidental Petroleum

Chazen is the 2014 chairman of the American Petroleum Institute.

Chazen joined Occidental Petroleum in 1994, was named CFO in 1999, became President and CFO in 2007, President, COO and a member of the board of directors in 2010, and CEO in 2011. Prior to joining Occidental he was a managing director in the investment banking group of Merrill Lynch.


Kevin Crutchfield

CEO, Alpha Natural Resources

Alpha is the third largest coal producer in the U.S.  Crutchfield previously served as president of both Coastal Coal Company and AMVEST Corporation, as well as vice president of El Paso Corporation.

In 2011, Alpha Natural Resources bought Massey Energy (owners of the second largest amount of coal reserves in the world -- 5.1 billion tons) for $7.1 billion.  The merger puts Crutchfield in charge of the largest mountaintop coal mining company in the U.S.responsible for 25 percent of all mountaintop coa

Crutchfield claims that Pesident Obama is waging a war on coal and that there is no consensus in the scientific community about global warming.

He attended a secretive retreat in Aspen in June, 2010, sponsored by the Koch bothers.

the third largest US coal mining company, recently offered its top executives $2 million retention bonuses – even though the company’s stock has lost 92% of its value over the last three years.

In March, 2014, Alpha agreed to pay $27.5 million for violating water pollution standards 6,289 times over seven years at operations in KY, PA, TN, VA and WV. It also agreed to spend $200 million to install wastewater treatment systems and take other measures to reduce discharges from 79 active mines and 25 coal-processing plants, according to the AP.   EPA enforcement chief Cynthia Giles told the AP that the settlement was “the biggest case for permit violations for numbers of violations and size of the penalty, which reflects the seriousness of violations.”

Despite the record penalty and a recent drop in the company's stock, Crutchfield received a $2 million retention bonus from the company because of "particularly difficult market and regulatory conditions which could affect the company and the coal industry generally." Crutchfield was paid over $6 million in 2012 and $6.7 million in 2011, a period during which the company's stock price lost more than 90% of its value.

In 2012, Alpha opened a new $30 million LEED-certified headquarters in Bristol, VA.  The building features "state-of-the-art energy-efficient lighting systems and windows, eco-friendly rooftops with garden areas, and incorporates a high content of recycled materials. "Today's ribbon cutting is simply the start of many more great things to come," Crutchfield said. "We're scanning the world for our next set of opportunities. We think, in the next 20 years, the world is going to demand at least an additional 2 billion tons of coal annually -- roughly equivalent to doubling the size of America's coal business."

In 2010, almost 60% of Alpha's coal production came from two huge surface mines in the Powder River Basin of Wyoming: the Belle Ayr Mine and the Eagle Butte Mine. 

Alpha (48th) and Massey (47th) are two of the top greenhouse gas polluters of all time.

Alpha spent $2.6 million in 2012 to lobby against legislation to limit global warming.

Massey is the notorious company the owned the Upper Big Branch Mine in Montcoal (WV), where 29 miners died in an explosion in April, 2010.


"I think [coal] was a good 18th-century fuel, a good 19th-century fuel, a good 20th-century fuel, and, so far, it's doing pretty well in the 21st century. ... It's not going anywhere, anytime soon. What we see is growth."

[Mining accidents] "draw some sort of morbid" interest from journalists, "kind of like a shark attack."

"The question for us and other U.S. coal producers is how we take our coals and play internationally ... That’s a new game for the U.S. coal industry … and we’re going to have to learn it very quickly under, frankly, some level of duress.”

Speaking of EPA's new power plant emissions regulations: "This is not only a war on coal, this is a war on Americans. ... EPA has no basis for moving forward."

Clarence Cazalot

Image Caption: 



CEO of Marathon Oil (2002 to 2013)

Cazalot was president of Texaco (now part of Chevron, the biggest greenhouse gas emitter in history, according to a study by Richard Heede) from 1992 to 2000.  He was the CEO of Marathon from 2002 to 2013  Cazalot currently serves on the board of directors at Spectra Energy. 

Under his leadership, in 2012, Marathon Oil spent over $2 million on lobbying.


Marathon is the 40th largest greenhouse gas polluter of all time and ranked 67th among the top toxic air polluters in the US in 2010.

In 2009, Cazalot urged Marathon employees, suppliers and customers to oppose climate legislation sponsored by Representatives Waxman and Markey, describing it as "an enormous hidden tax on all Americans" and threat to the economy.

Marathon has provided support to the Heartland Institute and the George Marshall Institute. 

Cazalot is on the board of directors of Baker Hughes.


Cazalot, who expects fossil fuel use to increase by 50 percet between 2007 and 2030, causing more carbon dioxide pollution, but says the best solution is to capture carbon dioxide and store it underground. 

Resource Capital Funds


RCF Management LLC 

Suite 200, 1400 Sixteenth Street 

Denver, Colorado 80202 

Resource Capital Funds (RCF) is a “mining-focused private equity firm” with offices in Denver, Perth, Toronto, and Long Island. Its website shows that it invests in a variety of mining companies around the world, including coal, uranium, copper, gold, and more.


Resource Capital Funds is pushing controversial coal export proposals that would disrupt communities in the Pacific Northwest, fuel climate change and air pollution, and interfere with tribal fishing rights on the Columbia River. 

Resource Capital Funds is a private equity fund with offices in Denver, New York, Canada, and Australia - though it is registered in the Cayman Islands for tax purposes. The company has played a quiet but important role in the coal industry's efforts to export coal to Asia bybankrolling Ambre Energy, the company behind the Millennium Bulk and Morrow Pacific coal export proposals in Oregon and Washington. But while some investors like Goldman Sachs have dropped their support of coal exports amid a declining global coal market and widespread community opposition, Resource Capital Funds has done just the opposite - in November 2014, it boosted its involvement by taking control of Ambre Energy's coal mines and export proposals. That's why thousands of people are calling on Resource Capital Funds to drop its investment in coal exports.

Learn more about Resource Capital Funds' controversial plans, the environmental damage from coal mining and exports, and the widespread opposition to coal exports from communities and tribes at

America's Natural Gas Alliance


701 8th Street, NW, Suite 800

Washington, DC

ANGA is a coalition of 21 natural gas exploration and production companies in the United States, including Cabot Oil and Gas, Chesapeake Energy, Range Resources, EQT and others. It was founded in 2009 to promote increased demand for shale gas and deflect concerns about fracking, climate change and other harmful environmental effects created by the industry.


ANGA spent over $12.9 million in lobbying from 2009 to 2014.  15 out of 20 lobbyists working for ANGA in 2013 previously held positions in government. ANGA’s CEO, Marty Durbin is the nephew of Illinois Senator Richard Durbin, the second-ranking U.S. Senate Democrat.  ANGA lobbyist (1/11 to 12/12) Tom Hassenboehler was appointed as Chief Counsel to the House Energy and Power Subcommittee in December 2012.
Political Spending:
One thing is crystal clear from ANGA's 990 forms: they are "buypartisan." That is, they donate money to both sides of the political aisle, although the bulk of the dollars flows to members of the republican party. From 2010 to 2014, Republicans received 77% while Democrats received 20% of total campaign contributions. The highest contribution -- $10,000 -- was given to Rep. John Boehner’s Speaker Committee in 2014.
ANGA paid Bluewater Strategies $540,000 to lobby Congress, the White House and EPA between 2010 and 2012. Nation Magazine reporter Lee Fang revealed that ANGA also gave $25,000 to ASGK Strategies, a political consulting firm founded by the White House advisor David Axelrod, and $864,673 to Edventures Partners, an education curriculum company that has partnered with ANGA to produce classroom materials that promote the use of gas. Fang also points out ANGA has given millions of dollars to Democratic Party-affiliated PR firms, perhaps unsurprising given its new CEO is Martin "Marty" Durbin, nephew of U.S. Sen. Dick Durbin (D-IL), the U.S. Senate's Majority Whip.
"The 990 shows that ANGA paid the Glover Park Group over $2.9 million for 'research/advertising' and Dewey Square Group $738,957 for 'grassroots communications,’" wrote Fang. "Both firms are run by mostly former Clinton administration officials."
Other payments included:
$6,500 to Dewey Square for general operational support
$25,000 to Environmental Media Association, "a nonprofit organization dedicated to harnessing the power of the entertainment industry and the media to educate the global public on environmental issues and motivate sustainable lifestyles"
$8,500 to America's Promise Alliance, an education nonprofit founded by Colin Powell
$250,000 to IHS Global, a research company that produced a report last year claiming that the fracking industry will support 1.7 million new jobs
$165,000 to the Texas Tribune
$100,000 to Bloomberg Businessweek
$50,000 to National Journal
Bipartisanship, Attacks on Renewables, Money to Green Group
ANGA donated $25,000 to the Democratic Attorneys General Association, while giving nine times as much to the Republican Governors Association to the tune of $225,000. It then tossed another $200,000 to the Republican State Leadership Committee, throwing $25,000 more to Third Way, a think-tank of sorts of the corporate Blue Dog Democrats.
Not content with its vast market share of the U.S. utilities market, ANGA gave $100,000 to the "Care for Michigan Coalition," an industry-funded nonprofit created to defeat Michigan's Proposal 3 in the November 2012 elections. Proposal 3 would have mandated 25-percent of Michigan's energy portfolio come from renewable energy sources by 2025, known by energy policy wonks as 25x25.
Other major Care for Michigan Coalition donors included Warren Buffett's BNSF (whose trains carry vast amounts of frac sand and oil fracked from North Dakota's Bakken Shale), DTE Energy, CMS Energy and the Michigan Manufacturers' Association.
ANGA didn't limit its patronage to sworn enemies of renewable energy, though. It also handed $30,000 to the Texas League of Conservation Voters.  Not strictly a lobbying force alone at the state-level and federal-level, ANGA has pumped millions of dollars into public relations and advertising efforts. ANGA also recently became a founding partner of's newly launched website, on whose platform it will regularly publish "native advertisements," sometimes also referred to as "branded content." Lee Fang exposed that ANGA gave $1 million in funding to “Truthland,” a pro-fracking film released to fend off Josh Fox's “Gasland: Part II.”
Donations to ALEC and "Other ALECs"
The American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) is by far the most powerful and famous corporate-funded nonprofit that companies and trade associations donate money to in order to influence state legislative and regulatory policy. ANGA was sworn in as a dues-paying member of ALEC at its States and Nation Policy Summit that took place in December 4-6, 2013 in Washington, DC. Yet ALEC is not the only registered nonprofit incorporated to "educate" elected officials or serve as a lobbying forum for corporations.
The National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL), which DeSmog blogger Steve Horn characterizes as "[an]other ALEC" in an investigative series published for TruthOut, received $50,000 from ANGA during fiscal year 2012. ANGA also gave $41,000 to the National Association of Counties and $10,000 to the National League of Cities.

LNG Exports
ANGA is pushing for the approval of Cove Point in Maryland and other LNG exports. In May 2014, Maryland Governor Martin O’Malley’s political group called newDEAL met with ANGA at their DC headquarters. The newDEAL is funded by large corporations that provide major funding to Republicans such as Comcast, Fluor, Merck, Microsoft, New York Life, Pfizer, Qualcomm, Verizon, Wal-Mart, the Private Equity Growth Capital Council, and ANGA. The O’Malley connection to ANGA is particularly interesting given the battle the gas industry is waging in his state. However, more than 50 Maryland Businesses who are the members of Chesapeake Sustainable Business Council and Green America’s Business Network oppose the construction of a 130 MW power plant and LNG export terminal.
In 2011, ANGA lobbied for the “Defending America's Affordable Energy and Jobs Act” which would prohibit the President or any federal agency addressing the control of emissions of a greenhouse gas (GHG) on climate change except as authorized by Congress. The law would also nullify other rules promulgated and actions taken by the Administrator of the Environment Protection Agency (EPA) to regulate GHGs. The bill was not enacted. 

Known Associates: 

Greenpeace letter to Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E) regarding American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC)

Greenpeace letter to Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E) regarding American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC)


Anthony F. Earley, Jr., Chairman, President and CEO

Hyun Park, Senior VP and General Counsel

Edward T. Bell, VP of Government Relations

February 20, 2014

Dear Mr. Tony Earley, Mr. Hyun Park and Mr. Edward Bell,

We are writing to express our concern for the support provided by PG&E to the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC), and request PG&E disassociate and stop funding ALEC immediately.

Greenpeace letter to PacifiCorp regarding American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC)

Greenpeace letter to PacifiCorp regarding American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC)


Gregory E. Abel, Chairman and CEO

Michael G. Dunn, President and CEO (PacifiCorp Energy)

February 20, 2014

Dear Mr. Greg Abel and Mr. Michael Dunn,

We are writing to express our concern for the extensive support provided by PacifiCorp to the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC), and request PacifiCorp disassociate and stop funding ALEC immediately.

Greenpeace letter to NV Energy regarding American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC)

Greenpeace letter to NV Energy regarding American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC)


Michael W. Yackira, President and CEO

Doug Cannon, Senior VP and General Counsel

Anthony F. Sanchez III, Senior VP of Public Policy and External Affairs

February 20, 2014


Dear Mr. Michael Yackira, Mr. Doug Cannon and Mr. Tony Sanchez,

Greenpeace letter to MidAmerican Energy Holdings Company (MEHC) regarding American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC)

Greenpeace letter to MidAmerican Energy Holdings Company (MEHC) regarding American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC)


Gregory E. Abel, Chairman, President and CEO

Douglas L. Anderson, Executive VP and General Counsel

Cathy Woollums, SVP of Environmental Services & Chief Environmental Counsel

David C. Caris, VP of State Legislative Affairs

February 20, 2014

Dear Mr. Greg Abel, Mr. Doug Anderson, Ms. Cathy Woollums and Mr. David Caris,

Greenpeace letter to Arizona Public Service (APS) and Pinnacle West regarding American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC)

Greenpeace letter to Arizona Public Service (APS) and Pinnacle West regarding American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC)


Donald E. Brandt, Chairman, CEO and President

David P. Falck, Executive VP and General Counsel

Gretchen Kitchel, Government Affairs Director

Jessica Pacheco, Government Affairs Director

Ann Becker, VP of Environmental and Chief Sustainability Officer

February 20, 2014


Dear Mr. Don Brandt, Mr. David Falck, Ms. Gretchen Kitchel, Ms. Jessica Pacheco and Ms. Ann Becker,